The Prostate Gland

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that forms part of the male reproductive system. The gland is made of two lobes, or regions, enclosed by an outer layer of tissue. As the diagrams show, the prostate is located in front of the rectum and just below the bladder, where urine is stored. The prostate also surrounds the urethra, the canal through which urine passes out of the body. Scientists do not know all the prostate's functions. One of its main roles, though, is to squeeze fluid into the urethra as sperm move through during sexual climax. This fluid, which helps make up semen, energizes the sperm and makes the vaginal canal less acidic. The prostate may become enlarged over time as a natural part of the male aging process.

The Enlarged Prostate / BPH : A Common Part of Aging

It is common for the prostate gland to become enlarged as a man ages. Doctors call this condition benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or benign prostatic hypertrophy.

        

Why BPH Occurs

The cause of BPH is not well understood. No definite information on risk factors exists. For centuries, it has been known that BPH occurs mainly in older men and that it doesn't develop in men whose testes were removed before puberty. For this reason, some researchers believe that factors related to aging and the testes may spur the development of BPH.

Throughout their lives, men produce both testosterone, an important male hormone, and small amounts of estrogen, a female hormone. As men age, the amount of active testosterone in the blood decreases, leaving a higher proportion of estrogen. Studies done on animals have suggested that BPH may occur because the higher amount of estrogen within the gland increases the activity of substances that promote cell growth. Another theory focuses on dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a substance derived from testosterone in the prostate, which may help control its growth. Most animals lose their ability to produce DHT as they age. However, some research has indicated that even with a drop in the blood's testosterone level, older men continue to produce and accumulate high levels of DHT in the prostate. This accumulation of DHT may encourage the growth of cells and therefore may contribute to an enlarged prostate. Scientists have also noted that men who do not produce DHT do not develop BPH.

Some researchers suggest that BPH may develop as a result of "instructions" given to cells early in life. According to this theory, BPH occurs because cells in one section of the gland follow these instructions and "reawaken" later in life. These "reawakened" cells then deliver signals to other cells in the gland, instructing them to grow or making them more sensitive to hormones that influence growth. If you feel you may have an enlarged prostate and would like a consultation with one of our urologic specialists and schedule a PSA test, contact us today!

Meet Our Doctors

The urologists in Uromedix are active participants in medical research. They are devoted to advancing the field of knowledge so new understanding and treatments become available to all of us in the future. Without research, there would be no progress in urology.

Events

MS views & newsUromedix is involved with a number of non profit, community and educational events. Click here for upcoming events.

Medical Services

We offer not only state of the art in treatment options, but we also provide a superior patient experience. Our physicians have expertise in the latest urologic surgical procedures including: Robotic Prostatectomy, also known as the Da Vinci Prostatectomy, for the treatment of localized prostate cancer; Green Light PVP laser technology and TUMT procedure for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BHP); no-scalpel vasectomy for male sterilization, as well as laparoscopic and minimally-invasive renal surgery and adrenal surgery.

News

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Contact Us

Address: 21150 Biscayne Blvd Suite 404
  Aventura, FL 33180
Telephone: (305) 466-9111
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