There are many causes of infertility, and they fall into two basic categories: female-centric and male-centric. Female-centric causes tend to stem from hormonal imbalances in the body, while male-centric causes often involve the quality and quantity of sperm produced. Below, we’ll go over some of the most common causes of failure to conceive in both men and women. 

Lack of Ovulation 

The inability to ovulate prevents conception in about 30% of infertile couples. Ovulation occurs as a result of a complex interaction between your hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and ovaries. 

If something goes wrong at any point during these processes, the egg may not release. If your doctor suspects a problem with ovulation, they might recommend you take one or more tests to help determine where things went awry. 

Hormonal Imbalance 

Hormones have an important role in a woman’s body, but sometimes they work too hard. If a woman is producing too much estrogen or progesterone, it could make it difficult for her to get pregnant.  

An imbalance in these hormones can cause irregular menstrual cycles and ovulation, which makes conceiving more difficult. However, there are medications that help regulate hormone levels and give women more control over when they want to conceive. 

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome 

This syndrome is characterized by irregular menstrual cycles and is often associated with obesity, which can lead to a hormonal imbalance. It can also lead to ovulation disorders. This disorder makes it difficult for women to conceive naturally, leading them to seek out medical assistance. In some cases, however, a sperm factor in males plays a role. This is usually determined through diagnostic tests such as semen analysis and blood tests.  

Smoking, Alcohol, Drug Use, and Body Weight Affect Fertility 

Smoking, alcohol use, drug use, and being overweight have all been linked to fertility problems. All three of these issues can also make it more difficult for you to get pregnant in general. Losing weight or cutting back on smoking and drinking could help improve your chances at conception. Drinking too much caffeine also has a negative effect on sperm health by reducing its count. 

Problems With the Uterus 

When the uterus doesn’t work properly, ovulation may be irregular or even completely absent. This condition is known as primary or central hypothyroidism, and if left untreated, can lead to fertility problems.  

Primary hypothyroidism can often be managed with medication. But secondary hypothyroidism is usually caused by another medical condition such as inflammation of the thyroid gland. It usually requires treatment for that medical condition to treat fertility issues successfully. 

If you’re trying to get pregnant to no avail, one of the above conditions might be the reason. Contact Uromedix in Aventura Florida, for sexual health diagnosis and treatment.